Probably larger than you would want. New growth will begin to emerge in a few weeks. They can grow and climb and invade new parts of a flower bed easily. To ensure that bougainvillea blooms abundantly, strategically put it at a location where it is exposed to the direct… Bougainvillea is a relatively hardy plant, able to withstand a range of temperatures, from tropical highs of 80 degrees Fahrenheit and above, all the way down to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. However, in zones 9-11, bougainvillea can grow outdoors year round, climbing and covering as much as you let it, taking only a short semi-dormancy break in early spring. These plants are considered poisonous and should be kept away from pets and children. This is a natural reaction. Use pruning shears to cut back bougainvillea plants using the “hard pinch” technique immediately prior to moving them indoors if you live in a cold climate. Bougainvillea is native to arid areas and prefers a site with drier soil and full sun. While not dangerously toxic, the sap of bougainvillea is known to cause a mild reaction in both pets and children if ingested in large enough quantities. The startling colors of the plant are actually from bracts or modified leaves, not flowers as they appear. In pots, during the summer they are allowed to climb and cover as much as they can, but each autumn they must be cut back and taken indoors to survive winter. All lignified, non-blossoming shoot tips with a length of 10 to 15 cm are suitable. If you bring your potted Bougainvillea indoors, it might cease blooming if it does not obtain full sun. This form of propagation has the advantage that the young plants posses all the beautiful attributes of their mother plant. Pruning should open up the plant and allow it to grow into a healthy shape. Mealybugs feed off of new growth, eventually damaging the leaves and causing them to yellow and die. Exposure – full sun Soil – rather light. Maude Archibald. If grown as tropical container plants in cool climates, you will probably have to cut back plants every fall to move them to a sheltered location. ", How to Grow Kalanchoe daigremontiana (Mother of Thousands), How to Grow Japanese Aralia (Fatsia Japonica) Indoors, How to Grow Donkey's Tail Succulents (Burro's Tail). The plant will probably go dormant after a hard pruning but will fill back out in spring. Bougainvilleas are tropical plants that produce bright red, orange, purple, white or pink papery flowers. Pruning and training Bougainvilleas require a trellis or pillar for support and can be trained as a standard and spur-pruned to restrict size. This is done by raking the soil away, then pruning back the roots. Bougainvillea plants are easy to grow inside with the right warmth, sunlight and watering. Just cut it back to a manageable size and take it indoors before there is any chance of frost in your area. However, when indoors, you may want to keep an eye out for mealybugs, a common indoor pest. Keep your plant evenly moist during the spring, summer, and fall months, and nearly dry in winter (bougainvillea blooms better with drier winter conditions). If you want the tree to flower, don't pinch and trim it too much in summer. Description. Of course, the problem with training, pruning or trimming bougainvillea plants is the nasty, long thorns most varieties have. Furthermore, there is the possibility of growing additional Bougainvillea plants during the whole course of the vegetation phase with the help of cuttings. Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. That being said, for your bougainvillea to truly thrive indoors, maintain temperatures around 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. June 26, 2013 - 4:29 am Your article, “Growing Bougainvillea Indoors – Gardener’s Journal,” was indeed definitely worth writing a comment down here in the comment section! Pruning and wiring: Cut the shoots after flowering, leaving two leaves on each and prune twigs and branches in autumn or winter. When it comes to soil, bougainvillea plants thrive in a moist but well-drained potting mix that's slightly acidic (between a 5.5 and 6.0 pH level). During a recent visit to botanical gardens in Florida, I was especially fascinated by one huge bougainvillea vine that had been pruned and trained to grow like a cascading ornamental tree at the edge of a koi pond. Top your mixture with compost to ensure a rich, nutritious soil, and opt for a pot with at least one drainage hole in the base to lower the risk of root rot. Paperflower grows up to three to four meter tall, occasionally up to nine meters. How much should I prune it? It's known for its green foliage and vibrant pink, purple, and orange hues that most people assume are the plant's flowers—however, they're actually petal-like bracts that hide bougainvillea's true blooms, which are typically small white or yellow buds. Because of this, many growers choose to move their potted bougainvillea outdoors during the summer months in order to ensure it gets enough rays. Learn how to care for indoor bougainvilleas with tips from a gardener in this free plant care video. Pruning encourages new growth. How often, how severe, and the shape the plant will take on depends on where you live, what shape or form it’s growing in now and what shape to want it to take on. If you suspect any pests or disease problems with the plant you are pruning, sanitize pruners between each cut by dipping them in to bleach water. Name – Bougainvillea Family – Nyctaginaceae Type – climbing shrub. Common Pests & Diseases After a flowering cycle has ended, prune them a little to keep the plant’s desired shape. In zone 9-11 landscapes, late winter/early spring is the best time for bougainvillea pruning. The flowers are actually very small and inconspicuous; it is the colorful modified leaves, called "bracts" that produce the fabulous show that makes bougainvillea a spectacular accent plant. If your child or pet has ingested the sap of bougainvillea and is experiencing any nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, contact a doctor immediately. It’s also a good idea to treat plants for pests and diseases before overwintering indoors. Uses Easy to grow indoors or outdoors in pots or beds. Sign up for our newsletter. The Flowering Bougainvillea will thrive indoors in high light and appreciates being kept outdoors during the spring and summer. For the best chance at a successfully full plant, feed your bougainvillea every seven to ten days using a weak liquid fertilizer. The best approach is to prune in the fall after the growing season is complete so the plant will bloom from next season’s new growth. When pruning anything thorny, I first put on my thick, leather rose pruning gloves. When night time temperatures drop below 45 degrees we suggest that you place the tree on a windowsill or on a table in front of one. Bougainvillea requires a lot of nutrition to produce blooms throughout the season, especially indoors (where almost all plants are less likely to bloom as frequently). To rid your bougainvillea of mealybugs, treat it with neem oil weekly until they've died off. Good safety wear is important, but the most important thing for pruning any plant is sharp, sanitized and strong pruners. 2. Should foliage on a bougainvillea get damaged by frost, this can simply be trimmed off. It is best to prune your bougainvillea bonsai after the blooms has fallen off. Bougainvillea is not your typical houseplant—in its natural state, it's a sprawling climber and shrub with formidable thorns, often found on the exterior of buildings (like climbing up a trellis or over a fence) or in gardens in subtropical-to-tropical climates. Cut a cutting off underneath a dormant bud and dip the cut surface into rooting p… The bougainvillea can bud from old wood after hard pruning. You can trim to... Take the Bougainvillea plant pot out of the soil and then be careful to handle the roots so you do not damage them. I have no … Pruning can be done regularly, but use caution when wiring mature branches. Bougainvillea can require a lot of space to overwinter. When choosing a vessel to plant your bougainvillea in, always opt for a larger size than you think you need. If you don't live in a warm enough climate to successfully grow bougainvillea outdoors year-round, you're in luck—the shrub is surprisingly easy to grow indoors in containers or pots and can thrive if the right conditions are maintained. Bougainvillea plants will also tolerate shaping, light trimming and deadheading anytime of the year, but major pruning jobs should be left until the plant is somewhat dormant. Bougainvillea patio plants tend to grow in large containers. Pruning Bougainvillea Plants Speaking of prolific, this always requires some pruning care from the gardener in order to force betting blooming performance. They flower on the current seasons growth so pruning in late winter or early spring, just before growth begins. A bonsai bougainvillea requires regular pruning to keep it in your desired shape. is a spiny climbing subtropical shrub that can bloom on and on for months, even all year long under very good conditions. As subtropical trees, they cannot endure frost and like lots of sun. Thank you! To keep things manageable in containers, control the plant's growth with yearly repotting and root pruning in the spring. Expect that the bougainvillea may drop leaves in response to you moving it indoors. 02/22/2020 Bougainvillea Pruning Tips: What You Need to Know If you share my passion for gardening and live in a warmer climate, you’ll love bougainvillea. This is in a Buddhist nunnery in Hong Kong noted for bonsai. Postpone dramatic pruning until after the bougainvillea's bloom period. Although vigorous, bougainvilleas tend to have particularly tender roots. Bougainvillea is a vigorous grower and needs pruning throughout the year. Just cut it back to a manageable size and take it indoors before there is any chance of frost in your area. A cascade bougainvillea. Move it into a dark location above freezing until the following spring. Bougainvillea plants are lovers of sunlight and need full daily exposure in order to thrive. Answer: The bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) Bougainvillea Bonsai Plant add a colorful flair to your outdoor patio or indoor decor. This is the first major step when it comes to pruning. The plant will probably go dormant after a hard pruning but will fill back out in spring. The vine-y shrub typically blooms three times a year once established, often going dormant and losing its leaves, bracts, and flowers during the cooler winter months. Bougainvillea needs to be trimmed to maintain its shape, but too much aggressive pruning of new growth will reduce bloom color. Pruning your bougainvillea is necessary to keep them the size and shape that you want them. In this case, there really is no right or wrong way to prune a bougainvillea. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. Pruning, Trimming and Pinching 1. The best time to prune bougainvillea for cuttings is in late winter to earliest spring before new growth has flushed, but when bud nodes are swelling. Bougainvillea is a deciduous, tropical vine, hardy in zones 9-11. Whether grown as an indoor or outdoor tropical vine, pruning a bougainvillea may seem like a daunting task, especially if you have the more common thorny types. Make all cuts clean, as ripped and ragged edges take longer to heal over, which gives pests and disease more opportunity to infect a plant. Another important note: The color saturation of your bougainvillea relates to how much sunlight it gets—more light equals brighter hues. Outdoors, bougainvillea can experience a few pests, most notably bougainvillea looper caterpillar, which feeds on the leaves of the plant. There are several fertilizer blends specifically geared toward bougainvillea on the market, but one formulated for other tropical plants, like hibiscus, can work too. Because they love the hot, intense afternoon sun that we try to escape from, bougainvillea plants are excellent for training up pergolas. If the plant was in a hanging basket or small container, cut it back and place it in a sunny indoor spot. Grows as an annual outdoors or as a perennial in a container indoors. Climate Bougainvillea can be grown from warm temperate to tropical areas with ease, and is very comfortable growing in coastal gardens. Bougainvillea spreads rapidly and, in suitable environments, will quickly grow into small trees or large shrubs several feet high. Foliage – evergreen Flowering – May to November. Despite its showy nature, bougainvillea is not a particularly high-maintenance plant. As bougainvillea has thorns, it is important to wear strong garden gloves and take a bit of extra care at planting and pruning time. 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Remove large, obstructive branches. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Bougainvillea, lesser bougainvillea, paper flower, 15–40 ft. tall, 15–40 ft. wide (outdoors); 2–6 ft. tall, 1–3 ft. wide (indoors). Because Bougainvillea generally blooms on new growth, each branch, as blooms begin to fade, should be cut back to a … Bougainvillea. “Hard pinching” is when a gardener removes almost all of the branches from a bougainvillea plant so it does not extend past the container. Native to South America, bougainvillea was named in honor of Louis Antoine de Bougainville, a sailor and explorer during the late 1700s. 3. Continue reading to learn how to prune bougainvillea. Don't be afraid to prune aggressively, if needed. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) is an evergreen, ornamental, vigorous climbing shrub with thorny stems. If any person or pet comes in contact with the thorns bougainvillea and experiences painful itching, stinging, or burning skin, or notices any blisters or sores, contact a doctor immediately. If the bougainvillea continues to drop leaves to the point of losing them all, stop watering the plant and allow it to remain dormant throughout the winter. This is also the time for a bit of pruning. Water your bougainvillea to saturation, then let the first inch or so of soil dry out before watering again. The idea at this point is to give it a head start on summer. Even in its proper zones, bougainvillea is extremely sensitive and can be nipped by frost in abnormal weather. As bougainvillea generally blooms on new growth, you should cut back the branches that have finished flowering. Too much water can lead to overly-green growth and eventually root rot; too little, and the plant can wilt. Bougainvillea trees should be grown outdoors where they can receive lots of sunlight in the summer but will still be able to go dormant in the winter. Question: I have a beautiful bougainvillea that has bloomed all summer.I was told that I could keep it indoors in the winter, but how? In addition, the plant possesses sharp thorns throughout its shrubbery, which can cause scratches or skin irritation. There were many hundred podocarpus and the majority of the rest were bougainvillea, leaving only hundreds of other species. They respond well to pruning, trimming and pinching for a better growth habit and shape. Cut away dead or diseased portions of the plant. Those heal over slowly. There are now cultivars and crosses from several parent specimens that range in color, size and hardiness. Pruning is the technique that will keep the plant looking colorful all the time and maintaining its shape and compactness. The vegetative, or flowerless, growth cycle begins at that time. Pruning. Always cut at a joint. Since bougainvilleas bloom on new wood, you can cut them back quite severely and that should stimulate the growth of more branches and therefore more bloom in the months to come. How To Prune A Bonsai Bougainvillea Pruning of bonsai bougainvillea is an important step to keep your bonsai bougainvillea flowering all year round. Most plants will be in a semi-dormant state in mid to late winter and won’t be harmed by even severe pruning. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Zone 1 - 8. Prune your bougainvillea in winter after it is finished blooming (January is a good time). The bougainvillea pruning in pots or garden bed will force plant to produce new growth and bougainvillea to bloom. You will be required to prune leaves, branches and roots. Positioning Your Bougainvillea Bonsai. I’ll tell you from experience, bougainvillea isn’t hard to shape but it can take some work! Use cut paste on larger cut wounds. Cut off yellow leaves, weak stems and broken branches. Bougainvillea flowers appear on branches 18″-20″ long. Once the plant is large enough, aim to repot it every two years. Deadheading the wilted blooms can … It prospers best in tropical or semi-tropical environments, and will therefore require lots of water and sunlight whether planted indoors or outdoors. Due to its tropical origins, humidity is helpful, too—spritzing the plant with water isn't necessary, but if your home is particularly dry a small humidifier near your bougainvillea can help. Mealybugs appear most often on the stems and leaves of a plant, identifiable by the fuzzy, white mass they create as they group together. Every trim provides you with an abundance of usable materials for vegetative propagation. In my chilly, northern climate, bougainvillea can only be grown as a tropical houseplant. To keep things manageable in containers, control the plant's growth with yearly repotting and root pruning in the spring. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Once used primarily as an outdoor plant, they are now commonly used as spectacular looking indoor houseplants. During the winter months (or if choosing to keep your plant indoors full-time), opt for a sunny spot near a big window and consider rotating your plant throughout the house as the day progresses to get it enough light. I will for sure follow the other tips you shared! The colorful bracts surround the actual flower, which is usually small and white. Basic Bougainvillea facts. Bougainvillea are very beautiful Mediterranean climbing shrubs.. In the landscape, bougainvillea can also be trimmed back to grow as a shrubby, groundcover or foundation planting for hot, dry areas. Once the plant is large enough, aim to repot it every two years. Add a colorful flair to your outdoor patio or indoor decor by growing a bougainvillea bonsai. Bougainvillea spreads rapidly and, in suitable environments, will quickly grow into small trees or large shrubs several feet high. In this case, there really is no right or wrong way to prune a bougainvillea. How to prune bougainvillea: Bougainvillea plants need hard pruning to force blooming and maintain its shape. Caring and pruning are important to enhance growth and blooming of your bougainvillea. Move to a cool location where it … If you’re asking yourself, “When should I prune bougainvillea,” this really depends on where and how the plant is growing. The Bougainvillea takes well to pruning; a useful attribute in styling bonsai because it allows the individual the freedom to shape their bonsai in any form they wish. Good quality gloves usually cover the forearm as well as the hands. Best planted in the spring, bougainvillea is a quick grower, often adding more than 36 inches in length per year. Once the first set of bracts shape and drop in the spring, at that time prune the excess growth on the plant. Whether you are gifted with a green thumb or not, our guide will help you grow the perfect houseplants. In its warmest zones, it may seem evergreen and can bloom most of the year. It can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates or bonsai. Cut out any dead or diseased wood and also remove any crowded branches that prevent good air flow throughout the plant. Wearing a long sleeve shirt while pruning can also help prevent nasty cuts and scrapes.
2020 indoor bougainvillea pruning